Interior design is a complex art that requires a deep understanding of the principles and elements that make up a space. The most important element of interior design is functional space, which acts as the basis for all interior design. To create a harmonious and rewarding result, it is essential to understand the 7 elements of design: space, line, form, light, color, texture and pattern. Achieving a balance between these elements is key for every scheme.
Space is divided into two categories: two-dimensional space, which covers a floor (includes width and length) and three-dimensional space, which creates living space (includes length, width and elevation). Positive space is full of furniture while empty space is known as negative. Achieving a balance between positive and negative space makes it cozy. The shape refers to the shapes of the room in general.
It could be the shape of the entire space, the furniture, the decor, and even the lighting fixtures. There are two types: geometric and natural. Geometric shapes are man-made, like furniture. Natural forms are organic, like plants.
Square shapes tend to embody strength, while curves and rounded shapes evoke softness.Light sets the ambience of the space, whether natural or artificial. A balance between the two is required to ensure that the room is pleasant from morning to night. Available lighting also indicates the best color options for the space, as it helps determine how bright it will be at any given time.The essential elements of interior design are line, form, light, color, pattern and texture. Lines give rise to shapes and forms and are also responsible for establishing a sense of stability, unity and contrast in a living space.
They behave like guides to inner space and specify forms. Lines are classified into three different types: dynamic, vertical and flat.Color is an important element in interior design as it can influence moods and feelings. It can be used to disguise or augment features and defects of a space. The scale of the pattern in relation to the space and the area it covers so that the interior does not become chaotic.Texture adds depth to a room by creating visual interest with different materials such as wood, metal or fabric.
It can also be used to create contrast between different elements in a room.Patterns can be used to create visual interest in a room by adding texture or color. Patterns can be geometric or organic in nature.Making these elements work together in harmony can also provide high functionality, in addition to improving the appearance of a place. By keeping these vital design elements in mind and letting them direct your interior decoration goals, you can achieve a harmonious and rewarding result.
Want to find out how these elements apply to Transitional Interior design? Check out this fantastic post on Transitional Interior design where Lacie Grace Interiors shares tips on achieving a timeless aesthetic.